Currently in Aceh, there are two types of cultivated coffee is coffee Arabica and Robusta Coffee type Two very famous Gayo i.e. Gayo coffee (Arabica) coffee and Ulee Kareeng (Robusta). For the coffee Arabica types commonly cultivated in the region of the Highlands “Gayo Lands“, Southeast Aceh and Gayo Lues Regency, whereas in Pidie (predominantly Tangse and Geumpang) and West Aceh more developed by the dominant community here in the form of coffee Robusta type. Arabica coffee is rather large and dark green, oval leaves, tall trees reached seven meters. But in the coffee plantations, the height of the tree is guarded so that the range of 2-3 meters. Purpose is to make it easy on the harvest. Arabica coffee trees start producing its first fruit in three years. Often branches growing from the trunk with a length of about 15 cm. above the Foliage colours are younger because the rays of the sun while pinned to the darker. Each trunk hold 10-15 small flower arrangement will be the fruit of the coffee.
It is this process of then comes coffee fruit called cherry, oval, two side by side. Gayo coffee is one of the leading commodities originating from the Gayo Highlands. Coffee plantations that have been developed since 1908 it thrives in Bener Meriah and Central Aceh. Both areas are at an altitude of 1200 m from sea level has the largest coffee plantation in Indonesia, namely with an area of approx. 81,000 ha. Each 42,000 ha Bener Meriah Regency was at rest and 39,000 ha in Central Aceh Regency. Gayo is the name of the original Tribes who inhabit the area. The majority society Gayo profession as coffee farmers.